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Drop Out and the Reasons, in the Public Primary Schools at Malir, Karachi,Pakistan

Irum Fatima | Dr. Abdul Karim Suhag | Dr. Zahid Ali | Dr. Syed Gul Muhammad Shah | Mariyam Shanzay |
Education & Literacy Department | SMIU Karachi | American International Theism University Florida-USA | Government Boys Degree College Nawab Shah | Khadija Girls College Korangi |
Volume: 3 | Issue : 1 (2024/03/18)


Introduction: Dropping out of school poses significant challenges to individual students, families, and society at large. By examining the underlying causes and consequences of dropout rates in primary schools, this study aims to shed light on this critical issue and inform strategies for prevention and intervention.

Methodology: This qualitative study involves students, parents, teachers, and school administrators from public primary schools in district Malir. Purposive non-randomn sampling was used to select participants, and data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was employed to analyze the data, exploring factors contributing to student dropout.

Results/Findings: The study identified socio-economic conditions, academic difficulties, inadequate school environment, and teacher and peer behavior as key factors influencing dropout rates. Additionally, family priorities, such as earning income or supporting  household chores, were found to contribute to student dropout.

Future Direction: This research contributes to the understanding of dropout among primary school students and provides insights for policymakers, educators, and stakeholders. The findings underscore the need for evidence-based strategies, interventions, and policies to reduce dropout rates and promote educational success for all primary school students.